Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Kameron Tweedy, Daria Beckman

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Evolution of the Helicopter

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, acrylic paint

About: The idea of the helicopter started with Leonardo da Vinci’s helicopter, Aerial Screw. It was sketched way back before the idea of a helicopter was even thought of. His idea was that two men would stand on the circular base and they would hold a wooden shaft causing the “blades” to rotate. This of course couldn’t have worked because their weight and the power they could produce was far too unbalanced. The idea of the machine itself was a huge leap in the innovation of the helicopter. Helicopters today have many more advancements and they can support a lot more weight.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Alexis Chavez, Alyssa Rogers

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Flying into the Future

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, acrylic paint, marker

About: When planes first came out, around the 1900s, few people knew how to fly them and they weren’t very safe, due to the lack of knowledge about them. They also weren’t used very often and couldn’t fly for vey long distances. However, I predict that in the future that mostly everyone will own a personal form of aircraft that will be a replacement for cars. So in the future people will drive around small airplanes instead of cars. In the past, when planes first started coming out, they weren’t sure on how to fuel the planes for a long time. In the future, I think that most things, including planes will be powered by solar power. In conclusion, I think that aircraft have and will change drastically in the future.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Chelsea Lumpkin, Kinzie Ratliff

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Trial and Error

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, acrylic paint

About: Trial and error: the process of experimenting with various methods of doing something until one finds the most successful. Trial and error has been a staple in the life of flight enthusiasts and inventors.
An example of this is Otto Lilienthal. While he was successful at building gliders, Lilienthal’s attempts to build a flying machine failed. He built his two powered planes to use a flapping motion to provide forward movement and they never achieved flight. Before he could attempt a third design he crashed a glider and broke his back. He died the next day. However his work had inspired another man fascinated with manned flight: Octave Chanute.
Another great example of trial and error is Hiram Maxim. Maxim built an enormous biplane with two 180 horsepower steam engines each driving propellers 18 feet across. It was tested on a track much like a modern rollercoaster. One set of rails supported the flying machine from underneath while a second set above prevented it from lifting more than a few inches. However on its final test run an upper rail snapped and the giant machine flew free for a few seconds, Maxim cut the engines and the device crashed to the ground never to rise again.
One last example is Wright Brothers, Orville, and Wilber. After building and testing three full-sized gliders, the Wrights’ first powered airplane flew at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, on December 17, 1903, making a 12-second flight, traveling 36 m (120 ft), with Orville piloting. The best flight of the day, with Wilbur at the controls, covered 255.6 m (852 ft) in 59 seconds. Orville later died flying their contract plane.
Despite the several failures that so many flight enthusiasts have experienced. We continue to have new inventions and innovations in flight. Trial and error will remain an important aspect of flight.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Isabella Footh, Gage Howell

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: The “Real” History of the Montglfier Brothers’ First Flight

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, acrylic paint, markers

About: Our project features a sheep, a rooster, and a duck jumping out of a hot air balloon. In 1783, the Montgolfier brothers sent up the first hot-air balloon with passengers, the passengers being a sheep, a rooster, and a duck. The sheep was sent up because it has a physiology similar to a human. The duck was sent up to test the effects of high altitude, and the rooster was sent as a control variable. All three passengers survived. The reason we chose to put the animals jumping out of the balloon is because skydiving is an activity done today with modern airplanes, and air technology has come a long way since the first hot air balloon flight.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Kian Stegmaier and Zach Davis

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Flight for Life

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, acrylic paint, markers
About: Leonardo da Vinci dreamt of the first helicopter type object during his time. His idea has been altered and innovated over time to become the helicopter. Today we use the helicopter for many uses such as medical and cargo transports and military reasons. We use flight for life today to move patients around to different hospitals for emergencies. Around rural northwestern Kansas we have to get medically transported to Kearney, which is in southern Nebraska or Wichita, Kansas. Those are some of the ways helicopters benefit us but there are many more.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Shelbie Chestnut and Lauren Sauer

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Fire and Rescue

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, colored pencil

About: Planes have developed and changed over the years. They are now used for many different purposes. Some examples are for war, travel, fun, and many other kinds of emergencies. They are a big advantage in the case of forest fires. They are able to fly a safe distance above the fire to put it out.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Laressa Tuch, Sabrina Congdon-Lervold

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: The Good Year Airship

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, acrylic paint

About: A dirigible is any lighter than air aircraft. The word dirigible is from the French word diriger, which means “to direct or to steer”. After the Montgolfierfier brothers invented the hot-air balloon inventors wanted a way to steer the airship. Jules Henri was the first to invent an airship. It was powered by steam, and first flew in 1952. The La France, invented by Charles Renard and Arther C. Krebs, was the first airship to successfully complete a round trip on August 9, 1884. Zeppelins, made by the German company Luftschiffbau Zeppelin (Zeppelin Airship Construction Company), was founded by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin. The Zeppelin carried out the first strategic bombing mission during World War One. Zeppelins were the first air ships to complete commercial transatlantic flights during the 1920s to the 1930s. The Graf Zeppelin set the record for flying more miles than any airship. It flew around the world in 12 days in 1929. The Hindenburg, 129th airship created by Zeppelin, made 63 flights after it’s construction in 1936. It could carry more than 70 passengers. It even had the largest flying post office. But on May 6, 1937, it was consumed by flames, within 32 seconds. In September 1923 the companies Good year and Zeppelin joined and created the Goodyear-Zeppelin Corporation. The two firms worked closely throughout the 1920s-1930s. They constructed the airships Akon and Macon for the U.S. Navy in the early 1930s. The relationship between the two companies became strained after the outbreak of the World War Two in 1939. In December 1940 The Goodyear-Zeppelin dissolved. Zeppelins still fly today. They are mostly used for sporting events. Zeppelin Luftschifftechnik was founded in 1993. The Goodyear Blimp won’t be a blimp any more. After 70 years Goodyear and Zeppelin are back together.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Austin Ryan Deal, Matt Mahathey

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Planes

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, acrylic paint, colored pencils

About: Our project is about WW1 and WW2 airplanes, there are many differences in the technology from WW1 and WW2. One difference was how far the planes could travel. By WW2 they changed their fuel lines to make the planes fly farther. Then after WW2 they advanced technology to make planes stronger, faster and fly farther and then even more to make room for more pilots. Now we are finally so advanced in technology that there are planes can go anywhere and can avoid light detection. Our planes can even fly way faster than the past planes and that helps us for when we are in need to get somewhere fast.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Laressa Tuch, Natalie Hughes, Elizabeth Grieve

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Go Up, UP, Up, Up!

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Collage, paper, acrylic paint

Did your group enjoy working on the project?

About: The Montgolfier brothers launched the first hot air balloon on September 19, 1983. In it they put a sheep, a duck, and a rooster. In France on November 21,1783 the first free flight carried Francois Pilatre de Rozier and Francois Laurent. The fire was fed through openings on either side of the balloons skirt. On December 1, 1783, ten days after the first hot-air balloon ride, the first gas balloon was launched by Jacques Alexander Charles and Nicholes Louis Robert. Gas balloons became the preferred mode of air travel. The first manned air balloon flight occurred in America on January 9,1793. It was filled with hydrogen gas and piloted by Jean-Pierre Blanchard. It started from a prison yard in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and landed in Gloucester County, New Jersey. George Washington observed the launch. Paul E. Yost invented the modern hot-air balloon on October 22, 1960. He was named “The Father of Modern Air Balloons. In the mid 1960’s there were three balloon makers in the U.S.; Raven, Semco and Piccard, and Barnes a little later. Tracy Barnes contributed with his work on baskets, parachute rip systems, and more effective burners. By 1963 sport ballooning had grown. They had National Hot Air Balloon Championships from 1963 to 1967. Then from 1967 to 1969 no nationals were held. But there were preliminaries held in 1970. Then in 1971 the National Championship event moved to Indianola, Iowa where it remained for 18 years. Sense then it has moved around to different parts of the country. Balloons using a combination of helium and hot air are now used for many long distance flights such as the around the world flight of Steve Fossett on June 19, 2002. He launched from Northam, Western Australia in a seventh and successful attempt to be the first person to circumnavigate the globe solo in a balloon. It took fourteen days,19 hours and 51 minutes. Now days hot air balloons are used for random fun rides, business advertisements, sports, and some people use them to get married in.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Lauren Walgren, Rheanna Peterson-Shea, Joey Molzahn

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Glider v.s. Bird

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, acrylic paint

About: For thousands of years humans have based their inventions on things found in nature. For example, solar panels were based off of plant cells and photosynthesis. Another example is palm leaves. They were used as shingles for houses and were the basis for the roof shingles that we have today. Another example of humans using natural designs is DaVinci’s glider. Humans have used designs from birds to designs gliders and planes for a long time.

Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Created by Phillipsburg High School, Phillipsburg, KS

Participants: Ashley Freeman, Kyle Helmecy, Cory Phillby

Teacher: Mrs. Peterson-Shea

Title: Evolution of Planes

Theme: Adventure by Air: Discovery, Exploration and Innovation through Flight

Materials and techniques: Paper, tissue paper, charcoal, pencil, marker

About: We are illustrating the difference between the first plane that man flew and the planes that we fly now. There have been many changes in the way we fly since the 1800’s. Materials, propulsion, the amount of people a plane can carry, and how far we can go are all advancements. In the future will we even need planes with the great strides that technology is making? Why pay to fly when I can FaceTime or Skype? We have progressed a great deal since our first ideas of flight.